ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT
The course aims to provide the main concepts, models and tools for planning and management of modern Smart Grids with particular reference to the evaluation of electrical efficiency in medium and low voltage power systems.
Knowledge and understanding
The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
a) the main aspects of liberalized electricity markets;
b) the methodologies for the assessment of the energy efficiency in medium and low voltage power systems;
c) the main methodologies for the technical and economic planning of the measures to improve energy efficiency in medium and low voltage power systems;
d) the main methodologies for smart grid management.
Applying knowledge and understanding
The student must demonstrate to be able:
a) to assess the energy efficiency of medium and low voltage electrical power systems;
b) to design solutions for improving the energy efficiency of medium and low voltage electrical power systems;
c) to apply the basic methods for the technical and economic evaluation of energy efficiency measures;
d) to implement simple models for the optimal management of smart grids in the framework of liberalized electricity markets.
The student must be able to know how:
a) to evaluate the efficiency of an electrical system and its main components, with particular reference to medium and low voltage networks.
a) to identify the measures to improve the energy efficiency of an electrical installation;
b) to implement optimal management of a smart grid in the liberalized electricity markets.
The student must have the ability to explain in a simple way the main solutions to improve energy efficiency of power systems and for planning and managing smart grids. In addition, it must demonstrate the ability to present a project and expose the results using proper scientific language.
The student must be able to:
a) elaborate, organize, summarize the acquired course contents;
b) continuously update his/her knowledge by consulting texts and publications on planning and management of modern Smart Grids with particular reference to the evaluation of electrical efficiency in medium and low voltage power systems.
It is necessary to acquire and assimilate the following knowledge provided by the "Electrotechnical" and "Electrical Systems" courses:
a) knowledge of the fundamental concepts of electrical circuits. In particular, Kirchhoff's laws, Thevénin-Norton's theorem, complex power, active power and reactive power, methods for resolution of linear circuit, balanced and unbalanced three-phase power systems.
b) Knowledge of function the main components of an electrical power system and criteria for their sizing. Knowledge of problems related to an electrical power system under normal operating conditions.
The liberalized electricity market (1.5 CFU - 10 hours of lesson + 2 hours of exercises):
The liberalized electricity market in Italy. Market operators: producers, distribution system operators, transmission system operator, customers, prosumers, Acquirente Unico, management of the Electricity Market. (0.5 CFU - 4 hours)
Day-Ahead Market. Zonal Day-Ahead Market. Exercises. (0.5 CFU - 2 hours of lesson and 2 hours of exercises).
The Intra-Day Market, the Ancillary Services Market. Markets prices and tariffs of energy. Environmental Markets. (0.5 CFU - 4 hours)
Energy Efficiency of Electrical Systems (4.5 CFU - 27 Hours of Classroom and 9 Hours of Exercise):
Energy Efficiency in Italy. Standard 64.8-8. Estimating load profile. (0.5 CFU - 4 hours)
Efficiency of user equipment: electric motors, lighting systems, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. (0.5 CFU - 2 hours of lesson and 2 hours of exercises)
Efficiency of Distribution System: Allocation of MV/LV substation, Transformer Efficiency and line optimal design. Numerical applications (0.5 CFU - 3 hours of lesson and 1 hour of exercises)
Efficiency of distribution system: power factor correction systems. Technologies, sizing and management. Technical-economic planning for installation of centralized and distributed power factor correction systems. (1 CFU - 6 hours of lesson and 2 hours of exercises)
Efficiency of distribution System: distributed generation. Photovoltaic systems: components and operation. Economic incentives. Economic analysis of photovoltaic installation. (0.5 CFU - 2 hours of lesson and 2 hours of exercises)
Efficiency of Distribution System: Smart Grids. Definition and classification. Optimal management. Models for economic dispatching in Smart Grids. (1 CFU - 6 hours of lesson and 2 hours of exercises)
Evaluation of energy efficiency of an electrical power system. Evaluation of efficiency measures and energy efficiency performance levels of an electrical system. (0.5 CFU - 4 hours)
The objective of the exam is to check the level of achievement of the objectives previously indicated.
The exam is divided into two parts:
a) a numerical test with the aim of assessing whether the student is able to apply the methodologies for the improvement of the energy efficiency of a medium and low voltage electrical power system.
b) An oral test to verify the level of knowledge of the subjects covered during the course.