# Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"  ## Teaching schedule

2015/2016
Belonging course:
Course of Bachelor's Degree Programme on CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Disciplinary sector:
HYDRAULICS (ICAR/01)
Credits:
9
Year of study:
2
Teachers:
Cycle:
Second semester
Hours of front activity:
72

Italian

### Course description

ducational objectives
Knowledge and understanding:
During the course the student will learn the basics of
Fluid mechanics and will develop the ability to understand and analyze
critically the physical reason for phenomena concerning still or in fluids
motion in natural or artificial systems.
Skills:
The student will gain the ability to apply the basics
of hydraulics to elementary problems typical of civil engineering e
environmental.
Judgment autonomy:
The student will acquire the basic tools and develop an ability
useful critiques to independently analyze and deal with problems
elementary hydraulics.

### Prerequisites

Having taken the Physics exam I. Having attended the courses of Mathematical Analysis,
Geometry, and rational mechanics.

### Syllabus

Fluid properties. Definition of fluid. The fluid as a continuous medium.
Density, compressibility, vapor pressure, viscosity and tension
surface. Stress state and Cauchy tetrahedron.
Fluid statics. Distribution of pressure in a still fluid and its
property. Static of incompressible fluids. Tools of
pressure measurement. Calculation of hydrostatic thrust on flat surfaces
and curves. Buoyancy and balance stability.
Kinematics of fluids. Lagrangian and Eulerian description of a field
of motion. Total derivative. Kinematic analysis of the motion field.
Description of the motion field by trajectories, current lines and
smoke lines. Reynolds transport theorem.
Fundamentals of fluid dynamics. Eulerian and Lagrangian approach.
Fundamental laws: mass conservation equation, equations
momentum balance sheet.
Dynamics of ideal fluids. Ideal fluid model. Euler's equation
Bernoulli's theorem and its geometric and energetic interpretation.
Application examples: Pitot tube. Foronomy: outflow from swing lights.
Power of a current. Linear currents. Extension of the theorem of
Bernoulli to the currents. Venturimeter for pipes.
Dynamics of real fluids. Distributed pressure drops, piezometric drop.
Currents under pressure. Laminar regime and turbulent regime. equations
of motion. Continuous and localized pressure drops. Resistance laws.
Lifting systems, pipeline systems. Plant design and verification.
Free surface currents. Uniform motion: Chèzy equation. Power
specific. Critical state. Slow currents and fast currents. Equations of the
permanent motion. Profiles of the free surface in the prismatic bed.
Hydraulic prominence. Application examples for tracing fur profiles
free.

Fluid properties. Definition of fluid. The fluid as a continuous medium.
Stress state and Cauchy tetrahedron.
Fluid statics. Distribution of pressure in a still fluid and its
property. Hydrostatic thrust on flat and curved surfaces. flotation
Kinematics of fluids. Lagrangian and Eulerian description of a field
of motion. Total derivative. Kinematic analysis of the motion field.
Fluid dynamics. mass conservation equation, equations
momentum balance sheet. Ideal fluid model. Euler's equation
Bernoulli's theorem and its geometric and energetic interpretation.
Application examples. Extension of the theorem of
Bernoulli to the currents. Venturimeter for pipes.
Dynamics of real fluids. Distributed pressure drops, piezometric drop.
Currents under pressure. Laminar regime and turbulent regime.
Continuous and localized pressure drops. Resistance laws.
Lifting systems, pipeline systems.
Free surface currents. Uniform motion: Chèzy equation. Power
specific. Critical state. Slow currents and fast currents. Equations of the
permanent motion. Profiles of the free surface in the prismatic bed.
Hydraulic prominence. Application examples for tracing fur profiles
free.

### Teaching Methods

The course is mainly divided into lectures
for the presentation of theoretical aspects and in-depth themes.
Problems of interest are addressed numerically during the exercises
application. A test is performed on static exercises.

### Textbooks

Teoria:
Citrini D., Noseda G. (1987). Idraulica, CEA, Milano.
Testi di approfondimento
Marchi E., Rubatta A. (1981). Meccanica dei fluidi, UTET, Torino.
White F.M. (1999). Fluid mechanics, McGraw-Hill, Singapore.
Esercitazioni
Alfonsi G., Orsi E. (1984). Problemi di Idraulica e Meccanica dei fluidi,
CEA, Milano.
Brunone, B., Ferrante M., Berni (2003). Esercizi di Idraulica , parte I
Morlacchi Editore.

### Learning assessment

The exam consists of an oral test, preceded by a written test whose
passing is a necessary condition for access to the interview, on the basis of which
the student is evaluated. The two tests can be deferred for a maximum of 3 months.
The passing of the test entitles you to the exemption of the exercise on fluid static.