Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

Teaching schedule

Academic year: 
Matricole dispari
Belonging course: 
Course of Bachelor's Degree Programme on SPORTS SCIENCE
Disciplinary sector: 
Year of study: 
First Semester



Course description

The class includes the comprehension of the basic mechanisms of functioning of the human organs and tissues with particular emphasis on those involved in physical exercise, in order to provide students all the information to plan efficacious training programs, and also to prevent functional damage.

Knowledge and understanding skills. Students must know the physiological mechanisms of functioning of the most important tissues/organs involved in the physical exercise;

Ability to apply knowledge and comprehension. Students, based on the acquired information on tissue/organ functioning, must be able to predict the consequences of abnormal/damaged tissue/organs.

Autonomy of judgement. Students must be able to deepen the topics taking advantage of published scientific literature available.

Communicative skills. Students must be able to present and explain to un-experts each topic by means of a scientific and appropriate language.

Learning ability. Students must demonstrate to have understood the main aims of the class, by asking questions to the teacher if necessary and by proposing scientific discussions concerning the topics of the class.


Basic notions of physics, anatomy, biology and biochemistry are required to attend this class.


Box 1. Cellular physiology
Forces and modes that govern exchange of molecules across the cell membrane;
Ionic basis of excitability;
Cellular neurophysiology;

Box 2. Systemic neurophysiology
Sensory system; Motor system

Box 3. Muscle physiology

Striatal muscle; Smooth muscle

Box 4. Heart and circulation

Basic heart anatomy; cardiac circle; left ventricle pressure-volume relationship; intrinsic excitability; sistolic and diastolic pressure;
Arterial, venous and capillary sistems: mechanisms of functioning.

Box 5. Respiratory sistem.
partial pressures of respiratory gases, gas exchanges; transport systems within circulation

Box 6. Kidney system

Mechanisms of solutes absorption across the nephron tubule; hormon control of the diuresis

Box 7. Mechanisms of bone remodelling
Osteoblasts; ostecytes; osteoclasts; compact and spongy bones; parathormon, calcitonin and vitamin D;
bone growth

Box 1. Cellular physiology
Box 2. Systemic neurophysiology
Box 3. Muscle physiology
Box 4. Heart and circulation
Box 5. Respiratory sistem.
Box 6. Kidney system
Box 7. Mechanisms of bone remodelling

Teaching Methods

The class is performed by means of frontal lessons.


1. Fisiologia, Autori vari, a cura di E. D'Angelo e A. Peres, Edi Ermes
2. Any book related to Physiology for three-years degree in Motor Science.

Learning assessment

Aim of the examination test will be to ascertain the achievement of training objectives reported above. By means of an oral test, we will ascertain the level of knowledge of the different topics, scientific language skills, the ability to comunicate concepts and to correlate different topics. The student's ability to explain scientific concepts of physiology by means of X-Y graphs and to gain additional information in published literature will be also assessed.
Sporadic written tests will precede oral exams, and will consist of multiple choice questions and a few open question focused on the main concepts on how organs and systems of the human body work.

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