Italian with texts and educational toolsalso in English
The course aims to provide the basic elements to understand the fundamental phenomena that regulate the dynamics and the atmospheric thermodynamics.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge and understand the basic issues related to the aspects of atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics, including the reading of weather maps.
Applying knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate that he is able to use the acquired concepts and the tools necessary to interpret a meteorological chart, a thermodynamic diagram and perform a basic processing of meteorological data.
Making judgments: Students must be able to autonomously perform exercises and applications provided by the teacher.
Communication skills: The student must have the ability to hold a discussion on the topics dealt with using a scientific language and acquired concepts appropriately.
Learning skills: The student must be able to update himself, through the consultation of texts and publications (also in English) suggested by the teacher, in order to acquire the ability to deepen the topics of the field of Meteorology.
The attendent students must have acquired knowledge and skills transmitted in the following courses: Mathematical Analysis I and Physics I.
- Introduction (purpose of the course, definitions and terms of reference, general description of the atmosphere)
- The Climatic System (ocean and atmosphere, history of the earth's climate, atmospheric circulation and large-scale oceanic, the North Atlantic Oscillation, cycles of Milankovitch, the EPICA project)
- Atmospheric thermodynamics (gas law, hydrostatic equation, first law of thermodynamics, adiabatic processes, water vapor in the atmosphere, static stability, second law of thermodynamics and entropy)
- Radiative transfer (spectrum of radiation, quantitative description of radiation, radiation of a black body, atmospheric radiative balance, greenhouse effect)
- Cloud microphysics (nucleation and condensation of vapor, evolution of a cloud, type and classification of clouds)
- Introduction to Atmospheric Dynamics (Dimensions and physical units, scale analysis, fundamental forces, non-inertial reference systems and apparent forces, total derivative, vector form of the equation of motion in rotating coordinates, scale analysis of the equations of motion, equation of continuity, problems and exercises)
- Elementary Applications of Basic Equations (equations in isobaric coordinates, balanced flows, trajectories and flow lines, thermal wind, vertical motions, tendency of surface pressure, problems and exercises)
- The Planetary Limit Layer (atmospheric turbulence, turbulent kinetic energy, equations of motion in the planetary boundary layer, problems and exercises)
- Meteorological systems (extratropical cyclones, orographic effects, instruments and observation networks, analysis and interpretation of weather maps on the ground and at high altitude)
The teaching material (handouts in pdf and ppt format) is provided during the course by the teacher.
ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE, AN INTRODUCTORY SURVEY - JOHN M.WALLACE & PETER V. HOBBS. Elsevier, Second Edition
AN INTRODUCTION TO DYNAMIC METEOROLOGY - JAMES R. HOLTON. Elsevier, Fourth Edition
ESSENTIALS OF METEOROLOGY: AN INVITATION TO THE ATMOSPHERE - G. DONALD AHRENS. Third Edition (online pdf)
The objective of the exam consists in verifying the level of achievement of the previously indicated training objectives.
The exam includes an oral discussion in which the student ability to link and compare different aspects treated during the course will be evaluated. During the oral examination the student will have to answer the teacher's questions, producing also graphs, diagrams and explanatory drawings. The student must also be able to perform some thermodynamic exercises and interpret a meteorological chart.