We want to introduce students to the main physical principles about Kinematics, Dynamics, Statics, Gravity laws, Fluid-dynamics and Thermodynamic, stressing the applicative aspects in particular.
Knowledge and understanding:
Students must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of classical physics, with particular regard to Kinematics, Dynamics, Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics, and their applicability. Students must know how to use vectors as physical quantities.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding:
Students must demonstrate to use their own acquired knowledge to solve the main problems of physics, even when they appear in concrete contexts. These skills have to be applied in conceptual problems and in written exercises.
The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the results of physical law applications.
The student should be able to support a basic physics conversation with a proper terminology by also making examples of application of basic physical laws related to Cinematics, Dynamics, Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics.
Students must be able to update and deepen autonomously specific topics and applications of physical laws related to Cinematics, Dynamics, Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics.
Students must know the vectors, operations between vectors and their properties and understand how to use them as physical quantities. They are also required to have basic knowledge of differential and integral calculus.
Measurement of magnitudes; length, time and mass - Basic dimensions and units - Scientific notation and unit conversions - Physical dimensions - Reference systems - Trigonometric and vector calculations - Cinematics: the material point - Average speed in one dimension: Speed Average scalar and universe line; Instantaneous scaling speed - average scaling acceleration; Instant acceleration acceleration - smoothly accelerated motion; - Vector cinematics: medium and instantaneous vector velocity definitions; Speed-trajectory relationship - Ballistic motion, spin - Circular circular motion; Vector representation of angular velocities and angular accelerations - Newton's first law and principle of relativity - Newton law - Definition of work - Kinetic energy theorem - Kinetic energy - Definition and calculation of potential energy - Mechanical energy - Power and its units of measure. - Gravitation, Newton theorem and overlapping principle - Gravitation and weight strength - Gravitational potential energy - Kepler's law. Momentum. Fluids: Perfect Fluid Conditions and Their Meaning - Pressure; Its units of measurement and conversion factors; Pascal's Principle and Applications - Stevin's Law; Torricelli barometer; The principle of Archimedes as a consequence of Stevin's law - Bernoulli's theorem and elementary applications. Temperature, heat and first law of thermodynamics. The temperature. The zero law of thermodynamics. Temperature measurement. Thermal expansion. Temperature and heat. Absorption of heat (solids and liquids). Heat and work. First law of thermodynamics. The kinetic theory of gases. Number of Avogadro. Ideal Gas. Pressure and Temperature and Average Quadratic Speed. Translational kinetic energy. Free middle path. Entropy and second law of thermodynamics. Irreversible processes and entropy. Variation of entropy. Second thermodynamic law. Entropy. Real machinery yields.
- “Fondamenti di Fisica”, D. Halliday, R. R. Resnick, J. Walker, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana (prima parte o Vol. 1).
“The Feynman Lectures on Physics”, Vol. 1, R.B. Leighton, M. Sands, R.P. Feynmann, Ed. Paperback.
The purpose of the assessment is to quantify the level of achievement of the training objectives previously indicated. The verification procedure consists of a practical test and an oral examination during which the ability of the student to apply the physical principles acquired to written exercises and practical problems is tested.