The class will provide the study and comprehension of basic mechanisms of functioning of human organs and tissues, with particular emphasis to functional and metabolic adaptations caused by training programs, particularly power training and resistance training.
Knowledge and understanding skills. Students must know the adaptations induced by physical exercise in tissue/organs which are important for physical exercise.
Ability to apply knowledge and comprehension. Students, based on the acquired information on tissue/organ adaptations, might be able to plan specific training programs for different types of athletes.
Autonomy of judgement. Students must be able to deepen the topics presented during the class, taking advantage of published scientific literature available.
Communicative skills. Students must be able to present and explain to un-experts each topic by means of a scientific and appropriate language.
Learning ability. Students must demonstrate to have understood the main aims of the class, by asking questions to the teacher if necessary and by proposing scientific discussions concerning the topics of the class.
Deep human physiology notions and sufficient notions of physics, biology and biochemistry are needed to attend this class.
Box 1. Energy of phosphoric bond, ATP and phosphocreatine. Oxidative phosphorilation, energy extraction form carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.
Box 2. Energy for physical exercise, anaerobic glycolysis, lactate system, long-term energy, aerobic system. Muscle fiber classification, type I and type II.
Box 3. Adaptations of the respiratory system induced by physical training. Neural and humoral control of lung ventilation at rest and during exercise.
Box 4. Adaptations of the cardiocirculatory system by physical exercise. Athlete's heart. Frequency and cardiac output at rest and during physical exercise.
Box 5. Adaptations of striated muscle by physical exercise.
Box 6. Training of aerobic and anaerobic capacities.
Fisiologia applicata allo sport. Aspetti energetici, nutrizionali e performance. W.D. McArdle, F.I. Katch, V.L. Katch. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Any text of Physiology Applied to Physical Exercise for university students will be good.