Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

Teaching schedule

Academic year: 
2014/2015
Belonging course: 
Course of Bachelor's Degree Programme on BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Disciplinary sector: 
HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH (MED/42)
Credits: 
9
Year of study: 
3
Teachers: 
Cycle: 
First Semester
Hours of front activity: 
72

Language

italiano

Course description

The course aims to train students on both operational and research aspects by providing the basic knowledge of hygiene and hygienic-health issues related to human health and the role that the environment has on it.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the issues related to the epidemiological, preventive, hygienic, and environmental aspects of human health and its promotion at all stages of life.
Ability to Apply Knowledge and Understanding: Students must demonstrate that they are able to use acquired concepts to carry out an epidemiological study, pathology prevention, manage environmental issues, and avoid health damage as best as possible.
Judgment autonomy: The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the different situations presented by the teacher during the course and to adopt the best methodologies.
Communicative Skills: The student must have the ability to explain in a simple way even to unskilled persons an elaborate on Hygiene topics using a correct scientific language.
Learning Skills: Students must be able to upgrade continuously, acquiring the ability to refine and deepen their knowledge through an independent training course, through texts and publications consultation (also in English) in order to acquire the capacity to deepen the topics in the field of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Prevention.

Prerequisites

The student must have adequate knowledge of biology, ecology and microbiology.

Syllabus

HEALTH AND PREVENTION:
Introduction to Hygiene Study: History, Definitions, Objectives and Tasks; Hygiene at various stages of life.
The concept of Health according to WHO; Inequalities in health.
The determinants of health.
The 3 levels of Prevention.
Epidemiology:
Introduction to the study of Epidemiology; Historical definitions and evolution; Tasks and objectives of epidemiological methodology and classification of studies.
Frequency Measures in Epidemiology. Danger, Risk and Damage; Risk factors; Subjects at risk; Risk Measures.
Epidemiological studies. Observational Epidemiology: Descriptive investigations and official data sources.
Analytical investigations: Transverse (or prevalence) studies and longitudinal studies: prospective (cohort) and retrospective (case-control).
Experimental Epidemiology. Single, double and triple-blind surveys.
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PROFILES OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES:
Spatial and temporal distribution of diseases; Contagious chain; Mechanisms of protection from infections: immunity (nods).
Epidemiology and prophylaxis of the following infectious diseases:
- Flatworms (Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, Echinococcus granulosus);
- Nematode (Oxyuris vermicularis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Ancylostoma duodenale);
- Protozoa: Trypanosomes, Leishmanie, Giardia lamblia, Trichomonas, Amebe, Toxoplasma gondii,
Plasmodium.
- Bacteria: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, streptococcus diseases, staphylococcal disease,
Typhoid - Salmonella, Cholerigenic Vibrions, Micobacteria, Clostridium tetani, Clostridium botulinum,
Corynebacterium diphteriae, Brucellosis, food toxins;
- Virus: Paramycovirus (measles, mumps, rubella), Ortomixovirus (Influence), PicoRNAvirus
(Polyovirus), Retrovirus (A.I.D.S), viral hepatitis virus (A, B, C, agent δ).
Chronic-degenerative diseases: cardiovascular diseases (MCV), tumors, diabetes, COPD (nods).
Social illnesses: Alcoholism, smoking, drugs (nods).
Infectious disease prophylaxis: general, direct and specific. Cleaning, sanitation, disinfection and
sterilization.
Vaccines and vaccineprophylaxis, seroprophylaxis and chemoprophylaxis.
ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE:
Air and air pollution. Air pollution and public health; Characteristics of the main pollutants. Consequences of atmospheric pollution.
The Microclimate: Definitions, Parameters That Condition, Indoor Air Defeat, Cube of Air, and
Environmental well-being.
Environmental Microbiological Monitoring.
Water: water cycle and sources of water supply; Organoleptic, physical-chemical characters
and microbiological of water intended for human consumption; Indices of organic pollution,
Pollution of the bogs and water epidemics; Potable watering systems.
Reflux waters: characteristics; Major chemical and bacteriological surveys of wastewater; Systems of
Treatment / disposal of waste water and their control; Hygiene problems connected to the
Wastewater disposal (eutrophic, dystrophy); Repercussions on the equilibrium of the
Ecosystems and health (bioconcentration and biological magnification).
Soil: urban solid waste and their disposal: dumps, composting, incineration,
Waste-to-energy, waste collection, recycling and recycling.
Food Hygiene.
Field Food Conservation: Pesticides and Environment.
Conservation of storage food: Micotoxins (nods).
Conservation of the finished product: physical, chemical, biological and mixed methods.
Autocontrol and HACCP system.
Main hygiene and health legislation relating to food and beverages.
Infectious diseases carried by food.

HEALTH AND PREVENTION:
Introduction to Hygiene Study.
The concept of Health according to WHO.
The 3 levels of Prevention.
EPIDEMIOLOGY:
Introduction to the study of Epidemiology; Historical definitions and evolution; Tasks and objectives of epidemiological methodology and classification of studies.
Epidemiological studies. Observational Epidemiology: Descriptive investigations and official data sources.
Analytical investigations: Transverse (or prevalence) studies and longitudinal studies: prospective (cohort) and retrospective (case-control).
Experimental Epidemiology.
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PROFILES OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Chronic-degenerative diseases: cardiovascular diseases (MCV), tumors, diabetes, COPD (nods).
Social illnesses: Alcoholism, smoking, drugs (nods).
ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE
Food Hygiene.

Teaching Methods

Frontal lessons.

Textbooks

P. MARINELLI, G. LIGUORI, A. MONTEMARANO, M. D’AMORA: “Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e
Sanità Pubblica”, Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova Ed. 2002.
GILLI G. (a cura di): “Professione Igienista, manuale dell’Igiene Ambientale e Territoriale”. Casa
Editrice Ambrosiana, 2010.
S. BARBUTI - G. M. FARA - G. GIAMMANCO ET AL.: “Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica”. EdiSES, 2014.
MATERIALE DIDATTICO FORNITO: dispense in formato PDF fornito durante il corso dal docente.

Learning assessment

Objective of the exam is to check the level of achievement of the training objectives previously indicated.
The exam provides an oral test in which the ability to link and compare different aspects of the course will be evaluated.

More information