PHYSICS WITH LAB.
We aim to present to the student the main physical principles dealing with Cinematic, Dynamics, Fluids statics and dynamics, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Optics, giving particular evidence to the applicative aspects.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of classical physics and their application context. The student must know mathematic techniques used to formulate the physical laws.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: Students must demonstrate to use their own acquired knowledge to solve the main problems of physics, even when they appear in concrete contexts. These skills also include the comprehension of the links between different physical principles and laws.
Independent judgment: The student must be able to evaluate from his/her point of view physical problems different from what was discussed during the lessons.
Communication Skills: The student shall be able to support a basic physics conversation, with proper scientific language and by correctly using mathematics and plots.
Learning Skills: The student must be able to update and deepen autonomously specific topics and applications of physical laws related to studied topics.
The student must know fundamentals of algebra, mathematical analysis and geometry.
Measurement of magnitudes; length, time and mass - Basic dimensions and units - Scientific notation and unit conversions - Physical dimensions - Reference systems - Trigonometric and vector calculations - Cinematics: the material point - Average speed - Instantaneous scaling speed - average scaling acceleration; Instant acceleration - smoothly accelerated motion - Vector cinematics: Speed-trajectory relationship - Ballistic motion - Circular motion; Vector representation of angular velocities and angular accelerations - Newton's first law and principle of relativity – Newton’s laws - Definition of work - Kinetic energy theorem - Kinetic energy - Conservative Forces - Definition and calculation of potential energy - Mechanical energy - Power and its units of measure – centre of mass – momentum – torque – angular momentum – rigid body dynamics – Gravitation - Newton theorem and overlapping principle - Gravitation and weight strength - Gravitational potential energy - Kepler's law - Fluids: Perfect Fluid Conditions and Their Meaning - Pressure; Its units of measurement and conversion factors; Pascal's Principle and Applications - Stevin's Law; Torricelli barometer; The principle of Archimedes as a consequence of Stevin's law - Bernoulli's theorem and elementary applications – electric charge – Coulomb’s law – electric field - Gauss’ law - dipole – potential – currents – Ohm’s laws – Magnetic field – electromagnetic spectrum – em waves propagation – polarization – reflection and refraction – optics and basic optical instruments – introduction to physical optics: interference and diffraction.
“Fondamenti di Fisica”, D. Halliday, R. R. Resnick, J. Walker, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana (Vol. 1&2, also found in single volume).
The purpose of the assessment is to quantify the level of achievement of the training objectives previously indicated. The verification procedure consists of an oral examination during which the ability of the student to apply the physical principles acquired during the course to practical problems is tested.