Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

Teaching schedule

Academic year: 
Belonging course: 
Course of Bachelor's Degree Programme on BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE
Disciplinary sector: 
Year of study: 
First Semester
Hours of front activity: 



Course description

The aim of this module is to interpret animal biology and diversity according to natural environment, as ecological diversity, and according to evolutive hstory of all phyla. The study is developed referring to morphology, Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Ecology and Systematics of the various animal taxa.


It is compulsory the knowledge of topics taught in the course of Plant Biology (1st year).


Zoology Science and Evolution of Animal Diversity.
Principles of Science. Origins of Life and fundamentals of
Darwinian Theory of Evolution. ProTopics in favour of the 5 Darwinian Theories on evolution. Revisions of the Darwinian Theory. Microevolution: genetic variability and changes in species.
Macroevolution: the fundamental evolutive events. Animal Ecology. Animal and ecological Hierarchy
Architecture of Animals.
Complexity and body dimensions. Exyìtracellular Components of Metazoan body. Tissue types. Organization Plans of animal body.
Classification and Phylogenesis of animals.
Linnaeus and the classification development. Taxonomic characters and phylogenetic reconstructions. Taxonomica Theories. Species. Main subdivisions of living beings.
Principal categories of animal kingdom.
Protists, forms and functions. Phyla Retortamonada and Axostylata. Phylum Chlorophyta.
Phylum Euglenozoa. Superphylum Alveolata. Phylum Apicomplexa. Phylum
Ciliophora. Phylum Dinoflagellata. Amoebas. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Phylum Porifera,
Ecological relations. Forms and functions.
Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Radiata: Cnidarians and Ctenophora.
Phylum Cnidaria. Phylum Ctenophora. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Bilateria Acoelomata: Platyhelminthes, Nemertea and Gnatostomulida.
Phylum Platyhelminthes. Phylum Nemertea (Rhynchocoela). Phylum
Gnathostomulida. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Phylum Rotifera. Phylum Acathocephala. Phylum Gastrotricha. Phylum Entoprocta.
Phylum Nematoda. Phylum Nematomorfa. Phylum Kinorhyncha. Phylum Priapulida.
Phylum Loricifera. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Mollusca: Forms and function. Class Caudofoveata and Solenogastres. Class Monoplacophora.
Class Polyplacophora: chitons. Class Scaphopoda. Class Gastropoda. Class
Bivalvia (Pelecypoda). Class Cephalopoda. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Annelida:Body organization. Class Polychaeta. Class Oligochaeta. Class Hirudinea.
Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Subphylum Trilobita. Subphylum Chelicerata. Subphylum Crustacea. Subphylum
Uniramia. Subphylum Hexapoda. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Lower Protostomia.
Phylum Sipuncula. Phylum Echiura. Phylum Pogonophora. Lophophorata. Phylum
Phoronida. Phylum Ectoprocta o Bryozoa.
Phylum Brachiopoda. Phylum Pentastomida.
Phylum Onychophora. Phylum Tardigrada.
Phylum Chaetognata. Phylogenesis and adaptive radiations.
Echinodermata and Hemichordata.
Phylum Echinodermata. Phylum Hemichordata. The origins of Vertebrata: the Chordata. The four characteristics of a chordate. Origin and evolution. Subphylum Urochordata (Tunicata). Subphylum Cephalochordata. Subphylum Vertebrata.

Zoology as a Science and Evolution of Animal Diversity. Principles of Science. Origin of Darwinian Evolution Theory. Microevolution. Macroevolution.
Animal Ecology.
Architecture of animals.
Classification and Animal Phylogenesis.
Protista. Porifera. Radiata. Acelomata. Pseudocelomata. Mollusca. Annelida. Arthropoda. Lower Protostomia . Echinodermata. Emicordata. Cordata including Vertebrata.

Teaching Methods

Lectures in classroom and practicals at the Museum of Zoology.


Cleveland P. Hickman Jr., Larry S. Roberts, Susan L. Keen, David J. Eisenhour,
Anna Larson Helen L'Anson (2012) Diversità animale, 15 ed. McGraw-Hill, Milano. Any more recent edition is welcome.

Learning assessment

oral exam

More information

Further teaching material will be supplied by the lecturer.