Aerial Navigation and Cartography
The course aims to provide students with the theoretical and application aspects for understanding air navigation systems, in particular:
- a broad and comprehensive vision of air navigation systems;
- a clear understanding of navigation influence derived from the interaction with atmosphere
- a clear understanding of aid systems used in air navigation
- a solid understanding of cartography used;
- a solid basis for possible continuation of academic studies.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge related to navigation and cartography able to define airplane navigation.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowing how to use the acquired concepts and the tools necessary for realizing air navigation systems and its cartography;
Judgment autonomy: The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the processes of air navigation and to indicate the main cartography supports.
The student must have the ability to easily explain air navigation ì with the correct use of scientific language.
Students must be able to progressively acquire autonomy and to continuously update their knowledge through the study of publications (also in English) in order to acquire the ability to deepen the topics of air navigation systems and its cartography.
It is necessary to acquire and assimilate the knowledge provided by the courses of Mathematical Analysis, Physics and Geodesy and Navigation.
• Airborne Navigation Systems (C1 ), 26h: Earth shape and geographic coordinates. Capsule Instruments (standard atmosphere, pressure and density, sound velocity, pressure measurement, temperature measurement, barometric altimeter, altimeter settings, temperature correction, altimeter errors, variometer, Bernoulli's reports, Speed indicators, high speed measurement, mach-meter, effective speed indicator, mach-anemometer, Central Air Data Computer.
• Pressure Line of Position (PLOP) and minimum time routes (C2), 4h: Isobaric Navigation Principle, Radar Altimeter, Single Flight Route, Minimum Time Tracks.
• Wind Problems (C2), 4h: graphic and analytic solution of wind problems.
• Magnetic compass (C2), 4h: terrestrial magnetism, aircraft magnetism, compass description, compensation, conversion and correction, compass use in air navigation.
• Gyro Sensors (C2), 6h: Gyroscopes principles, Rate Gyro, Gyro Directional Sensor;
• Radio-navigation Aids (C3), 18h: Radiogoniometry; Radiogoniometry on board; Tracking location; Direction Finders; air navigation procedures with the aid of the radiogoniometer; "lead point". Short Radiolocalization Systems: VOR; VOR receiver; Techniques used to improve VOR performance; VOR Doppler; Routing procedures with VOR, DME, TACAN. Line of Position theory; Loran principles
• ATM Cartography (C3), 10h: cartographic representation, requirements of a navigation chart, chart classification, ICAO Charts. Aeronautical information service (C3): Purposes, Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP), NOTAM, Aeronautical Information Circulars (AIC), Aeronautical Cartography.
The course deals with the basic elements required to ensure the safety of air navigation, with reference to Air Traffic Management systems. Particularly, it focuses on the theoretical fundaments of air navigation systems and air traffic management systems.
The course provides the following competencies:
C1) Air Navigation Systems Designing;
C2) Air Navigation Systems use and calibration;
C3) Operational Concept Understanding of Air Traffic Management Systems
Traditional lectures, Exercises and Blended lectures (in italian)
− Bowditch, Nathaniel (1995). The American Practical Navigator. Bethesda, Maryland: National Imagery and Mapping Agency. p. 815. ISBN 978-0-939837-54-0. Retrieved 2010-12-14.
− Grierson, Mike. Aviation History-Demise of the Flight Navigator, FrancoFlyers.org website, October 14, 2008. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
The exam consists of an oral interview.
The oral examination aims to verify the following requirements:
a) understanding of the topics in the program and their ability to explain them with an appropriate vocabulary
b) ability to manage the concepts learned in the course in order to use them synergistically to solve complex problems
c) ability to apply basic math and physics knowledge to the course topics.
With reference to the vote, a maximum of 10 points will be awarded for each verified objective referred to in points a, b and c.
For the purposes of passing the exam, a minimum score of 6 points is required.
The praise will be assigned in case the Student:
- obtain the maximum score assigned to all the objectives;
- demonstrate full autonomy in the oral interview and mastery of the topics in the program