SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM
The aim of the course is to introduce students to the concept of sustainable development and the impact that economic activity related to the tourism sector can have on the environment. Central topics of the course will be the exploitation and preservation of environmental resources, environmental policies for sustainable development, with particular focus on the tourism sector.
The learning objectives of the course can be defined as follows:
- KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING ABILITY: the student must demonstrate knowledge and ability to understand the issues related to the economy and environmental policy, the sustainability of tourism and possible solutions that can reduce the negative impact of excessive exploitation of resources deriving from the development of tourism.
- ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: at the end of the course, the student will be able to apply the principles of sustainability to the different sectors of tourism.
- JUDGMENT AUTONOMY: Making judgments: once the concepts of sustainable development, environmental policy and effects of tourism have been learned, the student must be able to identify and describe the sustainable trends of a growth in the tourism sector in the main locations of destination.
- COMMUNICATION ABILITY: the student must have the ability to explain in a simple manner the impact of the tourist activity on the availability and regeneration of environmental resources in tourist destinations. He must also be able to respond clearly and comprehensively both to the questions of the written test and to those of the possible oral exam.
- LEARNING CAPACITY: the student must demonstrate a good learning ability by succeeding in deepening his / her own knowledge on relevant bibliographic references and relevant on the sustainability of the tourist activity.
The course requires that the learners have learned the basic contents of Microeconomics, Macroeconomics and Economic Policy of Tourism.
The course content can be broken down into several lesson blocks, the duration of which depends on the level of preparation of the students and their familiarity with the basic concepts of economics. On average, the course is structured as follows:
I block (24 hours):
Introduction to environmental economics and environmental policy tools for a socially efficient choice between exploitation and preservation of environmental resources.
II block (24 hours):
Exploitation of environmental resources and sustainable development. International environmental externalities, international agreements and effects on environmental policy.
III block (24 hours):
The development of tourist activity and effects on the availability and regeneration of environmental resources in tourist destinations. Possible solutions that can reduce the negative impact of an excessive exploitation of resources deriving from the development of tourism. Dynamics of the tourism sector and sustainability indicators
Introduction to the economic approach to environmental analysis. Economic instruments of environmental policy. Economics of natural resources. Economic growth and the environment. International environmental economics. Sustainable tourism, with evidence of barriers and possible solutions. Analysis of methods to reduce the negative impact on the environment of the destinations due to the development of tourist activity
The course will be organized in lectures and exercises.
Introduzione all’economia dell’ambiente, Musu I., Il Mulino, 2003 (Chapters 1,2,4,5,6)
-Sviluppo sostenibile e Turismo, Canale R.R. e De Siano R., ESI, 2019 (Chapters 1,2,3)
The exam consists of a written test and an oral test. The written test, for which students have 75 minutes at their disposal, consists of 3 open questions (one of 10 and two of 5 points) requiring an in-depth answer and 5 questions requiring short definitions (2-point questions) relating to the topics of the program. The topics on which the open questions will focus are respectively: exploitation of natural resources and one-to-one relationship between environment and economic activity, analysis of the tools and effectiveness of internal environmental policy and the critical issues deriving from international externalities, the sustainability of tourism activities. The oral exam will allow you to complete the student's assessment of the remaining parts of the entire program. Only students who pass the written test with at least a pass will be admitted to the oral exam. The mark, out of thirty, will be the result of the two tests. If one of the two tests is insufficient or if the total score is less than 18 it is necessary to repeat both tests.
Due to the restrictions due to the Covid-19 pandemic emergency, if necessary the written test will be taken remotely through the Moodle platform which can be accessed through the link: https://elearning.uniparthenope.it/. instead, it will be carried out through the MS Teams Channel which students can access through the code communicated to them by the teacher.
For the students there is the possibility of taking an exam. The exam, consisting of three open questions and 5 definitions, focuses on the first part of the course and will be considered for the purposes of the final grade if the student obtains an evaluation of at least 18 points out of 30 and completes the exam within the semester's sessions. in progress. Students who pass the exam will be able to access the final exam by taking the written and oral exam exclusively on the subjects studied in the second part of the course.