NUMERICAL CARTOGRAPHY AND ECDIS
Education objectives - The main educational objectives of the course are funded on to the knowledge of two aspects: the main characteristics of the Numerical Cartography as well as the operations of systems (ECDIS) that are useful for safe conduct of the ship. . For consequence, the student must learn theoretical and practical aspects concerning: the use of digital nautical charts, the achievement of the ship position and the navigation control by electronic tools, the operations and limits of ECDIS.
Knowledge and understanding - The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the principles, methods and tools of Numerical Cartography and ECDIS needed to solve theoretical and practical problems in navigation
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding - The student must demonstrate how to use the theoretical and practical concepts of Numerical Cartography and the ECDIS to support navigation.
Judging autonomy - Students must be able to independently evaluate situations that are different from the standard ones presented by the teacher during the course and to adopt the best methodologies.
Communicative Skills - The student must have the ability to develop and present topics related to Numerical Cartography and ECDIS using the technical-scientific language correctly.
Learning Skills - The student must be able to update continuously through the consultation of texts and publications in order to acquire the ability to deepen the topics in the field of Numerical Cartography and ECDIS.
Fundamentals of Nautical Maps - The representation of earth on plan: three-dimensional modeling (sphere, ellipsoid, geoid) and classification of maps (8 h).
Numerical Cartography formats - Raster format: file structure and typology, geometric and radiometric resolution; vector format: geometric primitives, topological attributes and relationships; levels of information (layers) (4 h).
Digitalization of cartography - Acquisition of raster format; acquisition of the vector format; raster-vector and vector-raster transformations (6 h).
Geo-reference of raster and vector files - Georeferencing raster images and vector graphics through conforming and affine transformations (6 h).
Automatic datum and coordinate transformations - Passage from geographic to plane coordinates (and vice versa); data change between WGS84, ED50 and Roma40 (2 h).
GIS (Geographic Information System): building Characteristics and Data Organization - GIS hardware and software components; organization of cartographic data; databases and management systems (relational and object models) (2 h).
GIS functions - Query of GIS databases through SQL language; layer composition; layout organization; construction of thematic maps; realization of respect areas (buffer) (4 h).
Digital bathymetric models and their construction via GIS - Digital Terrain Model (DTM) and methods of construction; TIN (Triangulated Irregular Network); DEM (Digital Elevation Model (4 h).
Numerical cartography for navigation - Digital nautical charts; advantages and disadvantages of raster e vector format; IHO (International Hydrographic Organization) standards for nautical charts; electronic charts (2 h).
Map-based Electronic Systems to support marine navigation – Components and functions; main characteristics of ECS (Electronic Chart System (2h).
ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information System) – Fundamental components and optional components; IHO and IMO (International Maritime Organization) standards; main operations and limits (4 h).
Applications and case-studies – ECS and ECDIS simulation using software free and open source (4 h).
The course is aimed to provide students with principles, methods and tools at the base of Numerical Cartography and electronic systems for marine navigational, named ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information System).
The course furnishes some competencies required by the STCW Convention, as amended, for Deck Officers, embodied in the MIT decree dated 19th December 2016, namely “Percorso formativo per accedere alle figure professionali di Allievo Ufficiale di Coperta e Allievo Ufficiale di Macchina”.
Particularly, the course furnishes the following competencies, listed in the Attachment I of the above-mentioned decree, for Deck Officer Cadets:
1. Electronic systems for ship position achievement and navigation;
2. ECDIS operations and limits.
Further details about the acquired competencies are furnished in the extended version of the programme.
The teaching material consists of:
- - Reference books in Italian and English;
- - Technical Rules in English;
- - Lecture notes of all lessons.
The objective of the examination is to check the level of achievement of the training goals previously indicated.
The student is called to describe theoretical and practical aspects of the course as well as to explain how resolve problems concerning the use of Digital maps and ECDIS.
During the oral examination, the ability to expose the subjects studied, and to link and compare different aspects considered during the course is evaluated.