# Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

## Teaching schedule

2018/2019
Belonging course:
Disciplinary sector:
ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS (FIS/05)
Language:
Italian
Credits:
9
Year of study:
1
Teachers:
Cycle:
First Semester
Hours of front activity:
72

Italian

### Course description

We aim to present to the student the main Physics principles dealing with Cinematic, Dynamics, Fluids and Thermodynamic, giving particular evidence to the applicative aspects.

Knowledge and understanding:
The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of classical physics, with particular regard to Cinematics, Dynamics, Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics, and their application context. The student must know how to use the vectors as physical quantities.

Ability to apply knowledge and understanding:
Students must demonstrate to use their own acquired knowledge to solve the main problems of physics, even when they appear in concrete contexts. These skills have also to be applied to solve exercises.

Independent judgment:
The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the results of physical law applications.

Communication Skills:
The student should be able to support a basic physics conversation by also making examples of application of basic physical laws related to Cinematics, Dynamics, Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics.

Learning Skills:
The student must be able to update and deepen autonomously specific topics and applications of physical laws related to Cinematics, Dynamics, Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics.

### Prerequisites

The student must have good knowledge of basic mathematics and analysis (functions, derivative, integral)

### Syllabus

Measurement of magnitudes; length, time and mass - Basic dimensions and units - Scientific notation and unit conversions - Physical dimensions - Reference systems - Trigonometric and vector calculations - Cinematics: the material point - Average speed in one dimension: Speed Average scalar and universe line; Instantaneous scaling speed - average scaling acceleration; Instant acceleration acceleration - smoothly accelerated motion; - Vector cinematics: medium and instantaneous vector velocity definitions; Speed-trajectory relationship - Ballistic motion, spin - Circular circular motion; Vector representation of angular velocities and angular accelerations - Newton's first law and principle of relativity - Newton law - Definition of work - Kinetic energy theorem - Kinetic energy - Definition and calculation of potential energy - Mechanical energy - Power and its units of measure. - Gravitation, Newton theorem and overlapping principle - Gravitation and weight strength - Gravitational potential energy - Kepler's law. Momentum. Fluids: Perfect Fluid Conditions and Their Meaning - Pressure; Its units of measurement and conversion factors; Pascal's Principle and Applications - Stevin's Law; Torricelli barometer; The principle of Archimedes as a consequence of Stevin's law - Bernoulli's theorem and elementary applications. Temperature, heat and first law of thermodynamics. The temperature. The zero law of thermodynamics. Temperature measurement. Thermal expansion. Temperature and heat. Absorption of heat (solids and liquids). Heat and work. First law of thermodynamics. The kinetic theory of gases. Number of Avogadro. Ideal Gas. Pressure and Temperature and Average Quadratic Speed. Translational kinetic energy. Free middle path. Entropy and second law of thermodynamics. Irreversible processes and entropy. Variation of entropy. Second thermodynamic law. Entropy. Real machinery yields.

Course's basic contents are those of basic physics: kinematics, dynamics for points and systems, rigid-body dynamics, statics and dynamics of fluids, perfect gas thermodyamics.
Course's contents support other following courses, by providing the basis of many topics.
In relation to the requirements by the International Convention STCW 2010 to access the professional figures of Deck and Machine Officer, acknowledged by the DM MIT 19 December 2016 "Training course to access the professional figures of Officer Trainee Cover and Pupil Officer", The course provides all the required skills in physics and kinematics.
The lesson hours are thus distributed according to the macro-areas:
- kinematics, 14
- particle dynamics and particle systems, 14
- dynamics of rigid bodies, 18
- gravitation, 8
- static and dynamic of perfect fluids, 8
- thermodynamics, 10

### Teaching Methods

Lectures with the support of the blackboard and of projected slides.
Exercises will be proposed to be solved in team.

### Textbooks

Fundamentals of Physics
D. Halliday, R. R. Resnick, J. Walker
Wiley

Other books may be used, after review by professor.

### Learning assessment

The purpose of the assessment is to quantify the level of achievement of the training objectives previously indicated. The verification procedure consists of a written examination (exercises to be solved) and an oral examination, which follows a positive written examination.