LAW AND CTIZENSHIP IN THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN
In order to enrich the skills acquired by the student in four years of the course, the teaching aims – in line with two characterizing teachings that make up the triangle A13 – to deepen both the incidence of citizenship, as a true legal status, in the process of formation and evolution of ius Romanorum (public and private), both the 'immigration policy' pursued by central and local authorities in relation to whole tribes, or large excerpts of barbaric population.
Knowledge and understanding skills. The teaching aims to achieve knowledge of 'when', 'why' and ‘how' a common imperial citizenship has been created and if it has actually been a single law across the Empire. In this perspective, the course also aims to investigate the solutions adopted by the leadership class to address access to citizenship for immigrants.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding. Through the knowledge and understanding of the themes now highlighted, the teaching aims at refining historical sense of student, enabling him to acquire a hermeneutical instrument that can provide a greater awareness of the events of the contemporary world.
Judgment autonomy. Such course aims therefore at improving the ability of student to decode aspects and problems of current epistemological categories that are evidently dwindling in the past.
Communicative skills. The frontal lessons, with the exercises performed according to the model of the ‘flipped classroom’, intend also to strengthen the communicative skills of the student, thus creating the conditions for a real progress in terms of technical- linguistic attitudes.
Learning ability. The learning ability of the student is therefore strengthened, not only – as has been emphasized – by lessons and exercises, but also by powerpoint presentations and classroom discussion of some jurisprudential texts from which emerge the identification of the ‘rule’ from the ‘concrete case’.
It is necessary to have passed the examination in Roman Private Law or the examination in Roman Law System. A knowledge of Latin is not necessary, as the lecturer will provide translations of the ancient sources analysed during the lectures and exercises.
FIRST BLOCK: periods in the history of Roman law and their sources of production and cognition.
SECOND BLOCK: the status doctrine. Freedom and citizenship. The guarantees of the civis. Forms of access to citizenship. Immigration and servile labour. The constitutio Antoniniana.
THIRD BLOCK: inclusion and exclusion after 212 A.D. The special condition of the laeti.
The course is divided into three blocks of lectures.
FIRST BLOCK (8 hh): roman law and related sources.
SECOND BLOCK (26 hh): Cives and non cives. The constitutio Antoniniana.
THIRD BLOCK (14 hh): Imperial law and local rights.
Lectures and exercises.
For attending students: notes and teaching materials provided by the lecturer during classroom lessons and exercises.
For students not attending: Marotta, La cittadinanza romana in età imperiale (secoli I-III d.C.). Una sintesi, Giappichelli editore, Torino 2009, pp. 178.
The verification of learning is done through a single test, at the end of the frontal lessons. This test is based on an oral examination, that is a traditional interview lasting about 15 minutes; it intends to determine whether the student has internalized and therefore is able to use a more general level knowledge of the topics analyzed during the course. The final vote will be expressed in thirty-five.