TEORY METHODOLOGY AND DIDACTICS OF HUMAN MOVIMENT
Main aim: The course focuses on the knowledge of the biochemical, physiological and biomechanical principles that regulate human movement, as well as on the acquisition of suitable tools for assessing physical fitness and body composition.
Specific aims: In particular, the course will allow the student to:
- know and understand the biochemical, physiological and biomechanical principles underlying the functioning of the musculoskeletal system and the validated tools for the assessment of physical fitness and body composition; by the end of the course the student has to know and understand basic knowledge within a more complex practical context (Knowledge and understanding);
- apply the knowledge in a professional scenario by developing suitable protocols to evaluate physical fitness (cardiorespiratory, body composition, strength and balance) in healthy subjects (Applied knowledge and understanding skills);
- evaluate independently different work-related contexts of sports and sports sciences (both in terms of sports discipline and availability of field area and tools) and, on the basis of this judgment, select the appropriate solution for each of them (making judgments);
- acquire an appropriate scientific language and communicate their knowledge and skills properly to experts and non in the sports field, including the school context (communication skills)
- keep on studying topics of greatest interest to his/her professional field by selecting the most accurate sources of information and the most appropriate methodologies (learning Skills).
Basic concepts of anatomy of the human body (mandatory), biology (important), biochemistry (mandatory) and physiology (useful).
Biomechanics of movement. Regions and parts of the human body; terms of direction; axes and planes of movement; movements around the axes; components of the locomotor system: bones, joints, tendons and ligaments, articular cartilage; stress-strain curves; viscoelasticity; biomechanical behavior of musculoskeletal tissues.
Skeletal muscle. Structure and function of skeletal muscle; type 1 and 2 fibers; mechanisms and modes of muscle contraction; muscle roles; polyarticular muscles; metabolism of the different fibers of the striated muscle; power and capacity of a metabolic pathway; lactate production according to the type / intensity of exercise: lactate threshold (OBLA); MAXLASS; MLSSV; EPOC; lactate effects on sports performance and fatigue.
Evaluation of physical fitness in relation to health or competition. Definition of physical fitness and cardiorespiratory fitness: definition of VO2max; difference between field tests and Graded exercise tests (GXT); major tests for evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy subjects and relative predictive equations; Eurofit; YMCA; President Challenge test; strength evaluation test: 1-RM evaluation (direct and indirect methods); test for the flexibility of trunk and limb; Range for Motion (ROM) test, goniometer.
Evaluation of Body Composition. Definition of body composition: fat mass (FM); lean mass (FFM); essential fat; differences in body composition between males and females; body weight, body mass index (BMI); ideal weight; body density (DDC) and its evaluation: direct and indirect methodologies; assessment of body composition through indirect methodologies: BIA, plicometry, DEXA. Evaluation of body composition in relation to health and performance.
Content of the technical-practical activity (9 CFUs)
Lectures (6 CFU)
Biomechanics of movement. Components of the locomotor system; stress-strain curves. (2 CFU)
Skeletal muscle. Structure and function; metabolism of the different fibers of the striated muscle. (1 CFU)
Evaluation of physical fitness. Definition of the main parameters; field tests and Graded exercise tests (GXT); predictive equations. (1,5 CFU)
Evaluation of Body Composition. Definition of body composition; assessment of body composition through direct and indirect methodologies. (1,5 CFU)
Content of the technical-practical activity (9 CFUs)
Students will have to acquire technical-practical skills on the following topics:
-Detection of anthropometric measurements;
-Evaluation of body composition;
-Evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness and VO2max;
- Evaluation of muscle fitness;
- Evaluation of flexibility;
- Evaluation of fitness in different ages;
- Evaluation of balance and postural stability
The teaching activity is organized in frontal lessons, in technical-practical meetings held at CUS and in in-course tests
-AAVV “Attività fisica per la salute” II ed., Idelson Gnocchi ed., Napoli 2016
The teaching material is available in blended mode within the Moodle platform (http://e-scienzemotorie.uniparthenope.it/moodle).
The purpose of the exam is to verify the achievement of the above mentioned objectives. To this end, during the course, the student will perform 2 tests (n.3 open questions; duration: 60min); each of them will be focused on a specific section of the program (maximun rating: 30/30). At the end of the course, the student will perform a final multiple-choice test (n.20 multiple choices questions; duration: 30min), based on the technical-practical activity program (maximun rating: 30/30). The average of the results achieved in all tests will be the final evaluation. Students with a final evaluation higher than or equal to 27/30 can decide whether to hold an oral exam that will cover the whole course program.
Intermediate tests will be considered valid only once and only for the summer session (June or July or September). Those who will not participate to the intermediate tests, or who will not achieve the sufficiency (18/30) as final vote, or who will reject the final vote, or who will perform the exam in sessions after the summer session, will do the exam in two parts.
Part I: a multiple-choice test based on the program of technical-practical activities;
Part II: oral examination, after passing the test, based on the program of the course.
NB: If the oral examination fails, next time the student will have to repeat the multiple-choice test.