SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND TOURISM
The aim of the course is to introduce students to the concept of sustainable development and the impact that economic activity related to the tourism sector can have on the environment. Central topics of the course will be the exploitation and preservation of environmental resources, environmental policies for sustainable development, with particular focus on the tourism sector.
The learning objectives of the course can be defined as follows:
- KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING ABILITY: the student must demonstrate knowledge and ability to understand the issues related to the economy and environmental policy, the sustainability of tourism and possible solutions that can reduce the negative impact of excessive exploitation of resources deriving from the development of tourism.
- ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: at the end of the course, the student will be able to apply the principles of sustainability to the different sectors of tourism.
- JUDGMENT AUTONOMY: Making judgments: once the concepts of sustainable development, environmental policy and effects of tourism have been learned, the student must be able to identify and describe the sustainable trends of a growth in the tourism sector in the main locations of destination.
- COMMUNICATION ABILITY: the student must have the ability to explain in a simple manner the impact of the tourist activity on the availability and regeneration of environmental resources in tourist destinations. He must also be able to respond clearly and comprehensively both to the questions of the written test and to those of the possible oral exam.
- LEARNING CAPACITY: the student must demonstrate a good learning ability by succeeding in deepening his / her own knowledge on relevant bibliographic references and relevant on the sustainability of the tourist activity.
The course requires that the learners have learned the basic contents of Microeconomics, Macroeconomics and Economic Policy of Tourism.
The course content can be broken down into several lesson blocks, the duration of which depends on the level of preparation of the students and their familiarity with the basic concepts of economics. On average, the course is structured as follows:
I block (24 hours):
Introduction to environmental economics and environmental policy tools for a socially efficient choice between exploitation and preservation of environmental resources.
II block (24 hours):
The development of tourist activity and effects on the availability and regeneration of environmental resources in tourist destinations. Possible solutions that can reduce the negative impact of an excessive exploitation of resources deriving from the development of tourism. Dynamics of the tourism sector and sustainability indicators
III block (24 hours):
Exploitation of environmental resources and sustainable development. International environmental externalities, international agreements and effects on environmental policy.
Introduction to the economic approach to environmental analysis. Economic instruments of environmental policy. Economics of natural resources. Economic growth and the environment. International environmental economics. Sustainable tourism, with evidence of barriers and possible solutions. Analysis of methods to reduce the negative impact on the environment of the destinations due to the development of tourist activity
The course will be organized in lectures and exercises.
Introduzione all’economia dell’ambiente, Musu I., Il Mulino, 2003 (Chapters 1,2,4,5,6)
-Sviluppo sostenibile e Turismo, Canale R.R. e De Siano R., ESI, 2019 (Chapters 1,2,3)
The objective of the exam is to verify the level of achievement of the previously indicated training objectives. There verification of learning will be carried out through a written test e an oral interview on the topics of the program. • The written test, which aims to evaluate the study of the subject and the understanding of basic topics, can cover all topics discussed in the course and is divided into 3 open questions (relating to (1) exploitation of natural resources and the two-way relationship between environment and economic activity, (2) internal and international environmental policy and (3) sustainability tourism) which require broader and more comprehensive answers (from 8 points) and 4 questions requiring one short description (from 1.5 points). The written test has a selection character and to pass the test it is necessary acquire at least 18 points out of 30. Students have 60 'e they are not allowed to consult texts or use PCs and smartphones. The oral exam is aimed at assessing the ability to connect and compare the various topics covered during the course; to overcome the test it is necessary to acquire at least 18 points out of 30. The evaluation of the tests takes into account the efficiency of the methods used, the completeness and accuracy of the answers, as well as the clarity in presentation. The final grade is given by the average of the two scores. For the students there is the possibility of taking an exam. There the test, consisting of three open questions and 5 definitions, is about on the first part of the course and can be considered for the final grade if the student obtains an evaluation equal to at least 18 points out of 30 and complete the exam within the sessions of the current semester. Students who will pass the test passed will be able to access the final examination taking the written and oral test exclusively on the topics object of study of the second part of the course