Acquisition of scientific skills and basic techniques for the classification and recognition of the main types of rock rocks and the study of the relationship between tectonics and sedimentation and the cartographic recognition of tectonic macrostructures and stratigraphic sequences.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding, at a basic level, the problems related to the main geological processes inherent in geology, the geodynamics of continental margins and the reading and interpretation of geological maps and the creation of profiles geological
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate the ability to use the basic concepts acquired for the definition of different stratigraphic and tectonic contexts in the cartographic field.
Autonomy of judgment: The student must be able to autonomously recognize the spatial relations between the different tectonic-stratigraphic structures at the cartographic level.
Communication skills: The student must have the ability to recognize and describe the different themes of the course correctly using scientific language.
Learning skills: The student must be able to update himself continuously, through the consultation of texts and publications (also in English) in order to acquire the ability to deepen the topics of the geology and geological mapping sector.
Deep structure of the earth; composition and internal structure and heat flow.Minerals and rocks. Physical and chemical characteristics of minerals and rocks; main formation processes, rock cycle.Igneous rocks. Classification of intrusive and effusive rocks. Pyroclastic rocks. Notes on the classification of the main metamorphic rocks. Sedimentary rocks. Degradation of rocks, processes and mechanisms of transport and deposition. Composition, textures and sedimentary structures. Diagenesis and lithification. Classification criteria for sedimentary rocks.Plate tectonics. Continental margins, expansion of the ocean floor and magnetic anomalies; orogenesis, main mountain ranges and cratons.Deformation of the rocks, brittle and ductile behavior of the lithosphere. Fractures and faults, kinematic models, folds and foliations.Introduction to the principles of stratigraphy. Main stratigraphic units.Volcanism. Origin of volcanoes and their distribution, types of eruptions and lava products, volcanic activity in Italy. Pyroclastic rocks.Seismicity. Seismic waves, earthquakes, hypocenter and epicenter. Magnitude and intensity. Seismicity and its diffusion on the national territory.Topographic maps and realization of topographic profiles. Geological maps: Direction, immersion and deep angle of a succession of lithological units and methods to determine the angular values from the cartographic analysis. Trend and shape of outcrops in relation to topography.
Deep structure of the earth (4h). Minerals and rocks. Introduction to the study of rocks and classification elements (6h). Plate tectonics and introduction to structural geology (6h). Introduction to the basic principles of stratigraphy (4h). Seismicity (4h). Volcanism (2h). Topographic maps and creation of topographic profiles (8h). Reading interpretation of geological maps and construction of geological profiles (14h).
frontal teaching and classroom exercises
P. CASATI, “Scienze della Terra”, Vol. I “Elementi di Geologia generale”, Città Studi Edizioni, Milano.
B. Simpson . Lettura delle carte geologiche. Dario Flaccovio editore.
The objective of the exam consists in verifying the level of achievement of the previously indicated training objectives.
The exam consists of an oral test in which the ability to describe link and compare different aspects treated during the course will be evaluated.
voluntary participation in checking tests