Physics and Quantum Computing
Italian. Italian, however the Professor is available to interact in English for lectures and exams.
We aim to present to the student the main principles of the electromagnetism giving particular evidence to the applicative aspects. Quantum Physics (basic). Entanglement. Quantum Computer.
Knowledge and understanding:
The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of classical physics, with particular regard to Electromagnetism, and their application context. The student must know how to use the vectors as physical quantities. In addition, the student has to understand the basic concepts of quantum physics, entanglement and quantum computer.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: Students must demonstrate to use their own acquired knowledge to solve the main problems of electromagnetism, even when they appear in concrete contexts. These skills have also to be applied to solve exercises. In addition, the student must demonstrate to understand the operating principle of the quantum computer referring to the basic principles of quantum physics acquired.
Independent judgment: The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the results of electromagnetism’s law applications. In addition, the student should be able to follow the general line of the quantum computing development by knowing the basic quantum physics principles acquired.
Communication Skills: The student should be able to support a basic physics conversation by also making examples of application of the electromagnetism’s laws. In addition, the student should understand the basic quantum computing principle of operation.
Learning Skills: The student must be able to update and deepen autonomously specific topics and applications of physical laws related to Electromagnetism. In addition, he will be able to follow possible quantum computer developments.
The student must know the vectors, operations between vectors and their properties and understand how to use them as physical quantities.
For Electromagnetism, book: “Fondamenti di fisica. Elettrologia, magnetismo e ottica”, by Halliday, Rescind, Walker"
The following Chapters: 21 Electric Charge; 22 Electric Field; 23 Gauss Law; 24 Electric Potential, but 24.8, 25 Electric Capacity; 26 Current and Resistance; Cap 27 Electrical circuits, but 27.9; 28 Magnetic Field, but 28.7; 29 Magnetic Field generated by currents, but 29.6; 30 Induction and inductance; 31 Electromagnetic oscillations and alternating currents (up to 31.7, included); 32 Matter Magnetic properties (up to 32.5, included); 33 Electromagnetic waves (but 33.6 and 33.10); 34 Excluded; 35 Interference (up to 35.5, included); 36 Diffraction (up to section 36.4, included).
For the introduction to quantum physics and quantum computing, you have to acquire the concept wave-particle, the knowledge of the interference phenomenon for the waves and for the particles and for the mixed “nature” and to understand the he uncertainty principle, from the first two chapter of the book: “The Feynman Lectures On Physics - Terzo Volume”, Feynman Richard P.; Leighton Robert B.; Sands Matthew, Editore: ADDISON WESLEY.
To study the introductory concepts of the quantum physics, as e.g. the paradox Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen and the quantum teleportation, useful for understanding the operation of quantum computers, you will need to study the following texts: “Meccanica Quantistica e Calcolatori Quantistici”, dal testo “Teletrasporto. Il salto impossibile”, di Darling David, Ed.: Bollati Boringhieri, Collana: Saggi. Scienze and “Entanglement. Il più grande mistero della fisica.” di Aczel Amir D., Editore: Cortina Raffaello. Collana: Scienze e idee, from Chapter 3 to 8.
Charge and matter (2 h). Electric Field (2 h). Gauss law (2 h). Electrical potential (1 h). Condensers and Dielectrics (2 h). Currents and Resistors (1 h). Circuits and Electromotive Force (1 h). Magnetic field (2 h). Ampère law (2 h). Faraday induction law (2 h). Inductance (1 h). Electromagnetic oscillations (3 h). AC currents (2 h). Maxwell equations (4 h). Electromagnetic waves (3 h). Reflection and Refraction (2 h). Interference (2 h). Diffraction (2 h). Polarization (2 h).
Quantum Physics (basic): Heisenberg's uncertainty principle (2 h). Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox (2 h). Entanglement. Quantum Computer and Qubit (6 h).
Lectures with the support of the blackboard for the electromagnetism part. Slides are projected in support to the quantum computing part.
1. “Fondamenti di Fisica”, Vol. 2, D. Halliday, R. R. Resnick, J. Walker, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
This book is devoted to the Electromagnetism part of the course. See section "Extended Program" to select the chapter and paragraph you have to focus on.
2. “Teletrasporto. Il salto impossibile”
di Darling David. Ed.: Bollati Boringhieri
Collana: Saggi. Scienze (http://www.unilibro.it/find_buy/Scheda/libreria/autore-darling_david/sku...)
It is easily readable. Historical setting.
3. The paper “Quantum Computing: sogno teorico o realtà imminente” di E. Angeleri.
4. The Feynman Lectures on Physics – Third Volume,
Feynman Richard P.; Leighton Robert B.; Sands Matthew
Editore: ADDISON WESLEY. Especially Chapter 1 and 2 are useful for the wave-particle concept and the interference phenomenon from the double perspective, i.e. wave and electron.
5. “Entanglement. Il più grande mistero della fisica.”
di Aczel Amir. Editore: Cortina Raffaello
Collana: Scienze e idee
Fron chapter 3 to 8. (http://www.unilibro.it/find_buy/Scheda/libreria/autore-aczel_amir_d_/sku...)
The evaluation, aimed at quantifying the level of achievement of the training objectives, consists of an oral exam divided into two parts to be carried out at the same time. During the first part (70% of the evaluation) the student must demonstrate to know the physical principles related to the electromagnetism. The student must also demonstrate his/her ability to apply these principles to solve practical problems. To reach the threshold of sufficiency, he/her will necessarily have to be able to write and illustrate Maxwell's equations. For the second part of the exam (30% of the evaluation) the student will have to illustrate, with the support of a presentation, one of the topics related to the part of the course dedicated to the introduction to quantum physics and quantum computers.
Wednesday 13 - 15
and by appointment to be scheduled via email the other days.
Lectures are in Italian. However, the professor is fluent in English, thus she is available to interact with English spoken students in English, also during the examination.