The aim of the Human Anatomy Course is to systematically and topographically describe the conformation and structure of the course topics by highlighting the macroscopic and microscopic aspects in the various periods of life in order to complete the skills necessary to fully understand the functional complexity of the human organism and the relationship that exists between the various anatomical structures and their function.
Describe the organogenesis and the various stages of development by identifying individual and constitutional diversities, provide a methodological and preparatory approach to the reasoning of the adaptations of the organs to physical exercise with the ultimate aim of developing those interpretation and application skills that the graduate in motor sciences, he will then have to use it in the planning and management of motor activities.
Basic concepts of human physiology, anatomy, cell biology and biochemistry
1 General Overview
General characteristics of the organization of the human body. General systemic considerations on the apparatuses. The anatomical terminology.
2 Musculoskeletal system
General characteristics of bones: classification and terminology.
Differences between the male and female skeleton. Skeleton changes with age.
General characteristics of the joints.
General characteristics of the muscles: classification, terminology, structure and innervation.
The muscle chains.
General considerations on the statics and dynamics of the locomotor system.
Ability to explain the factors that modulate the stability of the locomotor system, knowledge of the surface anatomy of the topics covered and main clinical-sports considerations related to the topics covered.
3 Circulatory system
General information on the structure of the arteries, veins and capillaries.
Defining the functional meaning of the collateral branches, terminal branches, distribution territory, anastomoses and collateral circles: examples and main clinical-sports considerations related to the topics covered.
Heart: Topography and content of the mediastinum. Morphology, location, orientation, external configuration, pericardium. Internal configuration. Heart and pericardium with reference to the main notions of clinical anatomy.
General circulation: Systematic knowledge (i.e. origin, course, main relationships, distribution territory, main collateral branches with relative territory and terminal branches with relative territory) of the main arteries and veins.
Lymphatic circulatory system
Defining the organic composition and structural generalities of the lymphatic vessels.
Describing the main lymphatic collectors and the main lymph node stations.
The lymphatic organs.
4 Respiratory system
Morpho-functional references, orientation, position and relationships of the organs of the respiratory system. main clinical-sports considerations related to the topics covered.
1 General characteristics of the organization of the human body.
2 Understanding and using international anatomical terminology (FCAT)
3 Musculoskeletal system
4 Blood and lymphatic circulatory system
5 Respiratory system
The class is performed by means of frontal lessons
C. Palumbo, R. Rezzani, A. De Pol, A. Biggiani
Fundamentals of Anatomy - Outlines of Histology and Physiology
Aim of the examination test will be to ascertain the achievement of training objectives reported above.
By means of an oral test, we will ascertain the level of knowledge of the different topics, scientific language skills, the ability to comunicate concepts and to correlate different topics.