Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

Teaching schedule

Academic year: 
Belonging course: 
Course of Master's Degree Programme on MARITIME ECONOMY
Disciplinary sector: 
Year of study: 
Second semester
Hours of front activity: 



Course description

The aim of the course is to provide students knowledge about logics, methods and tools on corporate governance of maritime companies, as well as the main dimensions and mechanisms for a sustainable governance to adopt for these companies.
In order to develop the ability on applied understanding, the course provides an empirical approach on the theoretical topics thanks to the quantitative analysis on the business management.
The course aims to develop the student's ability to collect and interpret the information deriving from the corporate governance of liner shipping companies; to formulate independent judgments on company and intra-company processes and performances; to develop those learning skills useful for undertaking subsequent studies with a high degree of autonomy; to evaluate the criticality of the aforementioned management liner processes.
The course will provided a link between the theoretical background and the empirical issues of different business of maritime industry, thanks also to prestigious managers which will carry out some seminars.
These managers will illustrate the business management of their companies, especially the issues developed during the course.


Business Administration.


The syllabus is focused on following topics:
Module 1 - The maritime industry; the maritime business company; the traffics nature; the sectors of the maritime industry; liner shipping companies; the organization chart of the liner companies; ownership structure and management; ownership and control; the risk system of liner companies; the ship and itinerary risk; the economic issues of ship business; the levers about ownership structure, financial performance and sustainable performance; governance and control mechanisms.
Module 2
The information system of maritime companies; managerial accounting to analysis the ship and line combinations performance; Budget, final balance, analysis of deviations in the ship and itinerary mix, using excel sheets; reporting for top managers; reporting for operative managers; breakeven analysis using excel sheet; information systems into private-public relationships by ship-port interface; summary about regulatory framework on financial and non-financial reporting (IMO, MLC, European Directives); non-financial disclosure of maritime (cruise and container) shipping companies to meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Waste management and Management Control Systems in the governance of maritime companies, especially in the ship-port interface. Key performance indicators for the development of environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. Balanced Scorecard, KPIs and reporting. Value measurement, ownership structure and management in the cruise segment (e.g. cruise companies, cruise concessionaire, public authorities, local government). The measurement of sustainable behaviour and satisfaction with services in cruise tourism experiences. An empirical analysis. Business managers.
Module 3 - Application profiles, including seminars, of levers of corporate governance, performance and non-financial disclosure by cruise companies, cabotage and container shipping companies. Corporate Governance analysis of major groups of maritime companies (Case Studies). Corporate Governance and SDG practices analysis of major groups of shipping companies (Case Studies). Corporate Governance, SDG practices, Performance and Sustainable Disclosure analysis of major groups of maritime companies (Case Studies). Business managers.

The course is structured into three modules.
Module 1 (3 cfu) provides a conceptual framework about maritime companies, especially as concerns the institutional structure, decision-making processes and corporate governance mechanisms. Case studies and the use of management tools for top management support the theoretical framework.
Module 2 (3 cfu) provides logic, methods and tools for the conscious governance of liner companies. Mainly, as concerns the corporate governance models of maritime companies and the implications on financial performance, information management systems in public private interrelationships; budgeting, control and reporting of ship and itinerary mix; analysis of non-financial disclosure (environmental and sustainability reporting) to meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through case studies.
Module 3 (3 cfu) aims to provide the methods of empirical application of the analysis tools about corporate governance, "corporate social and environmental responsibility" and performance by liner companies (cruise companies, cabotage companies, containers shipping companies). Project activity: corporate governance analysis of container and cruise companies. Financial Statement analysis. Sustainability reporting analysis. Content analysis about sustainability reporting and website of cruise and container shipping companies.

Teaching Methods

The course includes lessons, exercises, research projects, seminars.
The lessons will carry out by classroom or MsTeams digital platform for the distance teaching. The number of hours between classroom and digital platform will change in relation to the risk of pandemics.


Di Vaio A. (2011), Managerial accounting nelle aziende di navigazione marittima - Albano Ed., Napoli
-DEL GIUDICE M., DI VAIO A., HASSAN R., PALLADINO R. (2021) “Digitalization and New Technologies for Sustainable Business Models at the Ship-Port Interface: A Bibliometric Analysis”. Maritime Policy & Management, ISSN: 1464-5254. https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2021.1903600.
-ALVINO, F., DI VAIO A., PALLADINO R., (2021) “Port governance e non-financial reporting nella prospettiva degli SDGs: Evidenze dal contesto Italiano” in Porti. Storia, economia, amministrazione del sistema portuale italiano (Natalini A. e Sognamiglio S. Eds.), pp. 271-290, Collana Percorsi. Il Mulino Ed., ISBN: 978-88-15-29090-8.
-DI VAIO A., LÓPEZ-OJEDA A., MANRIQUE-de-LARA-PEÑATE C., TRUIJLLO L. (2021) “The measurement of sustainable behaviour and satisfaction with services in cruise tourism experiences. An empirical analysis”. Research in Transportation Business & Management, ISSN: 2210-5395. 10.1016/j.rtbm.2021.100619.
-DI VAIO A., VARRIALE L., LEKAKOU M. B., STEFANIDAKI E., (2020) “Cruise and container shipping companies: A comparative analysis of Sustainable Development Goals through environmental sustainability disclosure”, Maritime Policy & Management, 1-29. ISSN: 1464-5254. https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2020.1754480.
-DI VAIO A., VARRIALE L. (2020) “Digitalization in the Sea-Land Supply Chain: Experiences from Italy in Rethinking the Port Operations within Inter-Organizational Relationships”, Production Planning & Control, Vol 31 (2-3), pp. 220-232. Print ISSN: 0953-7287 Online ISSN: 1366-5871 https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2019.1631464
-DI VAIO A., VARRIALE L., (2019) “Sustainable Development Goals in the cruise industry: The contribution of sustainability disclosure” in Progress in Marine Science and Technology. Nautical and Maritime Culture from the Past to the Future. 3rd International Conference on Nautical and Maritime Culture (ED. Fasano, Scamardella, Bucci), Vol. 3, pp. 142-148, Ed., ISBN: 978-1-64368-038-5 (print), ISBN: 978-1-64368-039-2 (on line), ISSN: 2543-0955, ISSN: 2543-0963. doi:10.3233/PMST190015.
-LEPORE L., DI VAIO A., SORRENTINO M., PALLADINO R. (2019) “Ownership structures and corporate performance: A literature review” in Esposito De Falco S., Alvino F., Kostyuk, A. (Eds), New challenges in corporate governance: Theory and practice, pp. 190-205, Virtus Intepress Ed., ISBN 978-617-7309-08-5.
- DI VAIO A., VARRIALE L., TRUJLLO L., “Management Control Systems in port waste management: Evidence from Italy”, Utilities Policy. Governance, Performance, Analysis, 56 (February), pp. 125-135, ISSN: 0957-1787, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2018.12.001.
-DI VAIO A., VARRIALE L., ALVINO F., (2018) “Key performance indicators for developing environmentally sustainable and energy efficient ports: Evidence from Italy”, Energy Policy, 122, pp. 229-240. ISSN: 0301-4215, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2018.07.046.
-DI VAIO A., VARRIALE L., (2016) “Information management and control systems in the port community: insights and challenges from regulations”, International Journal of Auditing Technology, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 113-127. ISSN 1757-8752 (print) 1557-8760 (online) - http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJAUDIT.2016.10002845.
Supplementary teaching materials will be provided during the course.
Additionally, students will find the teaching materials in MSTeams “Corporate Governance delle Aziende Marittime”. The presentation in powerpoint of the topics introduced during the lessons will be available in MSTeams. The presentation includes topics, sources and the pages to study.

Learning assessment

In order to understand the student learning, the students will develop a project work on the end of modules no. 1 and 2. The students will work in team of 3-5 members. Each project will be under evaluate. The final test is based on research project made on the end of module no. 3 on a topic selected during the course and a colloquium about the issues including in the syllabus. The student will introduce the project, then the teacher will make two questions about the project (e.g. corporate governance and sustainable initiatives adopted by cruise and container shipping companies). Finally, the commission will make other questions (min 2; max 5). The examples about questions will provide during the course. In order to obtain a positive result, the student.
To pass the exam, the student must score a minimum of 18/30.
The student reaches the 18/30 vote, when he demonstrates that he has gained sufficient knowledge of the topics being discussed in the course. To achieve a score of 30/30 and praise, the student has to demonstrate that he has gained an excellent knowledge of all the topics dealt with during the course.

More information

The code number for e-learning has to be required to the teacher.