The course aims to train students on both operational and research aspects by providing the basic knowledge of hygiene and hygienic-health issues related to human health and the role that the environment has on it.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the issues related to the epidemiological, preventive, hygienic, and environmental aspects of human health and its promotion at all stages of life.
Ability to Apply Knowledge and Understanding: Students must demonstrate that they are able to use acquired concepts to carry out an epidemiological study, pathology prevention, manage environmental issues, and avoid health damage as best as possible.
Judgment autonomy: The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the different situations presented by the teacher during the course and to adopt the best methodologies.
Communicative Skills: The student must have the ability to explain in a simple way even to unskilled persons an elaborate on Hygiene topics using a correct scientific language.
Learning Skills: Students must be able to upgrade continuously, acquiring the ability to refine and deepen their knowledge through an independent training course, through texts and publications consultation (also in English) in order to acquire the capacity to deepen the topics in the field of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Prevention.
The student must have adequate knowledge of biology, ecology and microbiology.
HEALTH AND PREVENTION:
Introduction to Hygiene Study.
The concept of Health according to WHO.
The 3 levels of Prevention.
Introduction to the study of Epidemiology; Historical definitions and evolution; Tasks and objectives of epidemiological methodology and classification of studies.
Epidemiological studies. Observational Epidemiology: Descriptive investigations and official data sources.
Analytical investigations: Transverse (or prevalence) studies and longitudinal studies: prospective (cohort) and retrospective (case-control).Experimental Epidemiology.
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PROFILES OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Chronic-degenerative diseases: cardiovascular diseases (MCV), tumors, diabetes, COPD (nods).
Social illnesses: Alcoholism, smoking, drugs (nods).
The course teaching activity is organized in lectures, individual and group work, student presentations, autonomous-guided research.
P. MARINELLI, G. LIGUORI, A. MONTEMARANO, M. D’AMORA: “Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e
Sanità Pubblica”, Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova Ed. 2002.
GILLI G. (a cura di): “Professione Igienista, manuale dell’Igiene Ambientale e Territoriale”. Casa
Editrice Ambrosiana, 2010.
S. BARBUTI - G. M. FARA - G. GIAMMANCO ET AL.: “Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica”. EdiSES, 2014.
DIDACTIC MATERIALS SUPPLIED: PDF provided during the course by the teacher.
Objective of the exam is to check the level of achievement of the training objectives previously indicated.
The exam provides an oral test in which the ability to link and compare different aspects of the course will be evaluated.
For the student who attend the course there is the possibility to make tests in itinere, preparatory to the final oral exam.