The course aims at the knowledge of the principles of physiology of the endocrine system in sedentary vs athletic individuals. In particular, the achievement of the exam will allow the student to: - deepen the physiology, physiopathology and clinical modalities of hormone secretion and the relationships with physical and sporting activity - apply the knowledge gained in hormone secretion (knowledge and understanding skills applied); -evaluate the different endocrine pathologies related to physical and sporting activity (Autonomy of judgment); - acquire a scientific language appropriate to your professional environment and to correctly communicate your knowledge and skills to specialists and non-specialists in the field of motor and sporting sciences (Communication skills) - independently deepen the issues of greatest interest for your area professional, selecting the most accurate sources of information and the most appropriate methodologies (Ability to learn).
Non-binding prerequisites are the basic concepts of the anatomy of the endocrine system, of biology, of biochemistry and of physiology of hormonal secretion.
Hormone-receptor interaction: definitions and physiology - Endocrine feed-back mechanisms Definitions and formulas useful for athletes in Endocrinology - Effects of exercise on hormonal responses in athletes Hypophysis - Axis GH- IGF-1 - Pathophysiology of secretion - Hormonal actions - Excess pathology - Pituitary deficiency-pathology Thyroid - TSH axis - thyroid hormones - Pathophysiology of secretion - Hormonal actions - Pathology deficiency - Excess pathology Adrenals: ACTH-hormone axis corticosteroids - Pathophysiology of secretion - Hormonal actions - Pathology from altered adrenal hormone secretion – Pathology deficiency - Excess pathology The Ovary - FSH-LH axis Ovary - Pathophysiology of secretion - Hormonal actions - Amenorrhea and ovulation disorders: role of exercise physical - Ovarian hyperandrogenisms: mechanisms of pathophysiology - Polio Ovarian Syndrome physical exercise - Menstrual cycle disorders and physical exercise Testicles - FSH-LH Axis Testis - Secretarial pathophysiology - Hormonal actions - Male hypogonadism in athletes Mechanisms of glucose, protein and lipid physiopathology - Metabolic syndrome and sport: role of physical exercise - Diabetes and sport: role of physical exercise - Obesity and sport: role of physical exercise Doping in Endocrinology: definition and general characters - Principal doping substances used: risks and endocrine-metabolic complications - Use of GH and Anabolic Steroids: advantages and risks
Principles of Endocrinology and Pituitary Diseases
Argument 1: General information on hormones.
Argument 2: Pituitary gland
Block title 2: Thyroid
Argument 1: Hypothyroidism
Argument 2: Hyperthyroidism
Block title 3: adrenal gland
Argument 1: Hypocortisolism
Argument 2: Hypercortisolism
Block title 4: Gonads
Argument 1: Male Gonad: Hypogonadism - Anabolic steroids
Argument 2: Female Gonad: Hypogonadism and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Role of Exercise
Block title 5: Diabetes
Argument 1: Definition and complications of diabetes
Topic 2: Diabetes and physical activity
The teaching activity within the course will be organized in frontal lessons and possibility of interaction with questions and questions from the students
LENZI-LOMBARDI-MARTINO-TRIMARCHI, Endocrinology and motor activities, Elsevier Masson, 2008. Slides presented during the course Scientific articles available as teaching material.
The purpose of the exam is to verify the achievement of the previously indicated training objectives. The exam takes place in the form of an oral interview in which the level of learning of the proposed topics will be evaluated