PEDIATRICS APPLIED TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES AND SPORTS
Knowledge and understanding The student should demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the stages of growth and psychomotor and pubertal development, age-related psycho-physical requirements for sports participation, adverse effects of excessive exercise, nutrition, hydration and sports supplements, elementary concepts on major pediatric chronic diseases.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding The student should be able to apply pediatric knowledge in sports contexts; to monitor the progression of a harmonious statural and weight growth process and the development of motor abilities, coordinated and conditional capacities; to recognize signs of excessive training; to understand the effects of unbalanced diets and the need for supplements; to understand exercise issues in the most common chronic pediatric disease, preventing or managing unwanted effects that may result.
Autonomy of judgment The student should be able to deepen his/her own knowledge in a critical manner by integrating knowledge from other disciplines, in order to reach an ever-wider autonomy of judgment.
Communicative Skills The student should be able to explain in a simple way, but with a correct scientific language, the knowledge learned, with particular regard to the safe training practice in healthy and chronic conditions, promoting proper nutrition and hydration addressed to children and adolescent athletes, and promoting the values of sport.
Learning Ability: Students should be able to update themselves on a continuous and autonomous basis through consultation of scientific texts and online libraries. The student will be stimulated to discuss in the classroom scientific articles from the international literature
Basic knowledge of Anatomy, Biology, Physiology, Methods and Didactics of Motor Activities, Methods and Didactics of Sports Activities, Statistics.
Physiology of growth and development.
Mechanisms and ways of growing from birth to young adult. Family and environmental factors that influence growth. Sexual differentiation, puberty and reproductive function.
Main anthropometric parameters (weight, stature, body segments, body mass index, waist circumference, skin contours). Measurement Techniques. Growth study methods: the percentile curves.
Pathology of growth and development.
Short and tall stature.
Precocious and delayed puberty. Amenorrhea.
Nutrition and Sports
Nutrition in the teenager athlete.
Hydration and sport. Sports drinks and energy drinks. Heat stroke: causes and prevention.
Use and abuse of nutritional supplements in adolescents.
Physical and sports activities.
Benefits of Physical Activity. Recommended levels of physical activity.
Age of starting sport practice. The choice of sport in the child and adolescent. Suitability to physical and sports activities.
Recommendations for a Safe Training. Risks of intense youth training. Symptoms of stressful and intense training.
Influence of excessive exercise on longitudinal growth, puberty and reproductive function. The athlete triad of female adolescents.
The role of sport in enhancing diversity and uniqueness.
Body and body image disorders.
Chronic diseases and sports.
Asthma, food allergies. Exercise induced anaphylaxis
The course is divided into 5 blocks
Physiology of growth and development. Block 1 9 hrs
Topic 1 Height and weight growth and pubertal changes
Topic 2 Main anthropometric parameters, measurement techniques and evaluation
Pathology of growth and development. Block 2: 12 hrs
Topic 1 Short and tall stature.
Topic 2 Precocious and delayed puberty. Amenorrhea.
Nutrition and Sports. Block 3 6 hrs
Topic 1 Nutrition in the teenager athlete.
Topic 2 Hydration and sport. Heat stroke prevention.
Topic 3 Use and abuse of nutritional supplements in adolescents.
Physical and sports activities. Block 4 12 hrs
Topic 1 Benefits of Physical Activity. Recommended levels of physical activity.
Topic 2 The choice of sport in children and adolescents.
Topic 3 Training of the young athlete.
Topic 4 Risks of intense training in youth.
Topic 5 The role of sport in enhancing diversity and uniqueness.
Chronic diseases and sports. Block 5 9 hrs
Subject 1 Asthma, food allergies. Exercise induced anaphylaxis
Topic 2 Celiac disease
Topic 3 Diabetes mellitus.
Topic 4 Obesity.
comments to relevant scientific papers
discussion on simulated cases, experiences on the field, teaching videos
Handouts by the teacher Oxford Textbook of Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine Edited by Neil Armstrong and Willem van Mechelen, third edition
Calzolari AAVV 2006 Lo sport e il bambino – Quando proporlo e come sceglierlo. Editeam
Pastore 2010 Il bambino e lo sport - Tra agonismo e prevenzione. Editeam
Oral testing to ensure the acquisition of the knowledge and skills about pediatric issues in sports participation, 2) ability to rework them, with interdisciplinary links 3) ability to apply them in sports contexts, 4) ability to design .
In particular, the first part will focus on aspects related to normal or pathological growth, the second part to the principles of nutrition and hydration, the third to specific aspects of sports training, the fourth on a chronic illness.
The evaluation of the tests takes into account the completeness and accuracy of the answers, as well as the clarity in the presentation.
To pass the test, you must acquire at least a score of 18 out of 30.