Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

Teaching schedule

Academic year: 
2021/2022
Belonging course: 
Course of Master's Degree Programme on BIOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABILITY
Disciplinary sector: 
HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH (MED/42)
Language: 
Italian
Credits: 
6
Year of study: 
1
Teachers: 
Cycle: 
First Semester
Hours of front activity: 
48

Language

Italian

Course description

The course aims to train students on both operational and research aspects by providing the basic knowledge of the health protection in living environments, referring to the different contexts in which people spend their working and non-working lives, intended both as open spaces - outdoor environment - and confined - indoor environment.
Knowledge and understanding: The student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the issues related to the environmental and territorial aspects, as well as epidemiological, preventive, hygienic-sanitary aspects relating to human health.
Ability to Apply Knowledge and Understanding: Students must demonstrate that they are able to use acquired concepts to carry out a study on the main health and hygiene issues relating to the built environment, the territory and the related effects on public health.
Judgment autonomy: The student must be able to know how to independently evaluate the different situations presented by the teacher during the course and to adopt the best methodologies.
Communicative Skills: The student must have the ability to explain in a simple way even to unskilled persons an elaborate on topics presented by the teacher during the course, using a correct scientific language.
Learning Skills: Students must be able to upgrade continuously, acquiring the ability to refine and deepen their knowledge through an independent training course, through texts and publications consultation (also in English) in order to acquire the capacity to deepen the topics in the field of environmental hygiene.

Prerequisites

The student must have adequate knowledge of biology, ecology and microbiology.

Syllabus

Environment and health. Introduction to hygiene and environmental hygiene. Environmental hygiene definition. General principles on environmental pollution and possible implications on human health.
The consolidated environmental text (legislative decree no. 152 of 3 April 2006 and subsequent amendments and implementation regulations).
Ecotoxicology elements: transport, dispersion and transformation of pollutants in the environment. Toxicity characteristics of pollutants. Toxicity studies.
Principles of environmental carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. Physical mutagens and chemical mutagens. Environmental biomonitoring. Biomarkers use.
Water and health. The "water" resource: uses, availability, pollution and maintenance of water resources.
Natural mineral waters: criteria for evaluating their characteristics.
Main analytical techniques for the water hygienic control: sampling methods and analytical methods (determination of total Coliforms 37°C, E. Coli, Enterococci, total bacterial load, P. aeruginosa, Legionella spp.).
Bathing waters. The microbiological and chemical parameters indicated in the legislation in force for bathing water. Quality standards and evaluation methods.
Health protection in the use of public swimming pools or for public use.
Health and spas hygiene protection.
Waste water: characterization, removal, treatment. Hygienic problems related to the disposal of wastewater into water bodies (eutrophy, dystrophy); repercussions on the balance of ecosystems and on health (bioconcentration and biological magnification).
Air pollution and health. The atmosphere. Pollutants classification and pollution sources. Urban pollution and public health. Main urban pollutants and their effects on health.
Confined spaces pollution. Definition of indoor environment. The main indoor pollutants and their health effects. Environmental biological contamination indicators: environmental microbiological monitoring (MAM). Sick building syndrome. Radon pollution. Pollution by Legionella pneumophila.
Noise pollution and effects of noise on health: hearing and extra-auditory damage. Sources of noise and human exposure. Prevention of noise pollution.
Health protection and safety of civilian homes.
Hygienic conditions protection of the of buildings for school and recreational use.
Hygienic conditions protection of the structures intended for health and social health activities: hospital hygiene.
Environmental impact assessment. Normative requirements. The evolution of the EIA: Strategic Environmental Assessment, Integrated Environmental Assessment, Impact Assessment, Health Impact Assessment.

Environment and health. General principles on environmental pollution and possible implications on human health.
The consolidated environmental text (legislative decree no. 152 of 3 April 2006 and subsequent amendments and implementation regulations).
Ecotoxicology elements.
Principles of environmental carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. Environmental biomonitoring.
Water and health. The "water" resource.
Natural mineral waters.
Main analytical techniques for the water hygienic control.
Bathing waters.
Health protection in the use of public swimming pools or for public use.
Health and spas hygiene protection.
Waste water: hygienic problems related to the disposal of wastewater into water bodies (eutrophy, dystrophy); repercussions on the balance of ecosystems and on health (bioconcentration and biological magnification).
Confined spaces pollution. Environmental microbiological monitoring (MAM). Sick building syndrome. Radon pollution. Pollution by Legionella pneumophila.
Noise pollution and effects of noise on health.
Health protection and safety of civilian homes.
Hygienic conditions protection of the of buildings for school and recreational use.
Hospital hygiene.
Environmental impact assessment. Normative requirements.

Teaching Methods

The course teaching activity is organized in lectures, individual and group work, student presentations, autonomous-guided research.

Textbooks

P. MARINELLI, G. LIGUORI, A. MONTEMARANO, M. D’AMORA: “Igiene, Medicina Preventiva e
Sanità Pubblica”, Piccin Nuova Libraria, Padova Ed. 2002.
GILLI G. (a cura di): “Professione Igienista, manuale dell’Igiene Ambientale e Territoriale”. Casa
Editrice Ambrosiana, 2010.
S. BARBUTI - G. M. FARA - G. GIAMMANCO ET AL.: “Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica”. EdiSES, 2014.
DIDACTIC MATERIALS SUPPLIED: PDF provided during the course by the teacher.

Learning assessment

Objective of the exam is to check the level of achievement of the training objectives previously indicated.
The exam provides an oral test in which the ability to link and compare different aspects of the course will be evaluated.
For the student who attend the course there is the possibility to make tests in itinere, preparatory to the final oral exam.

More information